Toothache is a pain which is experienced in and around a tooth and there may be many causes for it. The nerves inside the pulp chamber of the tooth react due to several reasons causing mild to severe pain in the tooth. There are many causes for toothaches and one of the most common causes is tooth decay.
Apart from tooth decay, there are various other reasons that can cause a throbbing pain in the tooth. Tooth fracture is another cause of pain in the tooth. Infected gums can also cause severe pain in and around the tooth and gums. Damaged tooth filling, a fracture in the tooth, abscessed tooth and so forth are some of the other reasons for tooth decay.
Symptoms Toothache includes various other symptoms apart from the throbbing pain. In some cases, the pain is sharp and consistent. It can also be caused when pressure is applied onto the affected area. The pain may be accompanied by fever and headache. Some people experience swelling around the tooth and gums. Sensitivity to cold and hot food items is another symptom of infected tooth and gums. Blood and foul tasting discharge from the infected tooth are some of the other symptoms of toothache.
It is quite essential to visit a dentist when there is constant toothache that lasts for more than two days. Severe toothache which is accompanied by earache, fever and pain are the other warning signs which indicate the need for an immediate visit to the dentist. Dental infections should be treated immediately to prevent the spread of infection to other parts of the skull and face.
There are a large number of dental clinics which offer exemplary services for all kinds of dental issues. Various types of treatments are offered for toothaches which depend on the cause of the pain. Root canal treatments are recommended to cure the infection of the nerves. In most cases, toothaches are caused due to cavities. Dentists often fill the cavities to eliminate the pain. Tooth extraction is also recommended if the tooth is damaged beyond repair. The teeth, mouth, jaws, ear, nose and neck are examined thoroughly by the dentist to identify the cause of pain.
Since majority of the toothaches is caused due to tooth decay, it is quite essential to practice good oral hygiene. Brushing the teeth regularly with good fluoride toothpaste is an ideal way to prevent tooth decay. Flossing is another dental practice that can help to reduce the formation of plaque and cavities.
However, there are many home remedies which can be adopted to prevent and reduce toothaches immediately. Application of clove oil in the affected area is one of the best methods to reduce the intensity of toothaches. Hot and cold compression can also be used effectively to reduce toothache.